|Active Ingredient||Dextrose Anhydrous + Potassium Chloride + Sodium citrate + Sodium chloride (ORS)|
Daily dose should be equivalent to patients' fluid requirement for maintenance and replenishment of losses. During ORS therapy mother should not stop breast-feeding to their child and normal food should be continued in case of adults. Children less than 2 years: After each loose stool or vomiting 10 to 20 spoonful (50-100 ml) of prepared saline. Children 2 to 10 years: After each loose stool or vomiting 100-200 ml of prepared oral saline. Adult and children above 10 years: After each loose stool or vomiting 200-400 ml of prepared saline.
Alternative Brands to ACI ORS
Diarrhea, Dehydration, Vomiting, Fluid and Electrolytes imbalance
Patients with known hypersensitivity.
No significant side effects.
- Oral electrolytes preparations
- Mild diarrhea
- Fluid and electrolyte imbalance
Depressed renal function, severe continuing diarrhoea or other critical fluid losses may need supplementation with parenteral fluids along with oral saline. Reconstitue saline should be used within 6 hours.
Mode of Action
Potassium chloride is a major cation of the intracellular fluid. It plays an active role in the conduction of nerve impulses in the heart, brain and skeletal muscle; contraction of cardiac skeletal and smooth muscles; maintenance of normal renal function, acid-base balance, carbohydrate metabolism and gastric secretion.
Sodium chloride is the major extracellular cation. It is important in electrolyte and fluid balance, osmotic pressure control and water distribution as it restores sodium ions. It is used as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration, treatment of metabolic acidosis, priming solution in haemodialysis and treatment of hyperosmolar diabetes. It is also used as diluents for infusion of compatible drug additives.
Dextrose is a monosaccharide that is used as a source of calories and water for hydration. It helps to reduce loss of body protein and nitrogen. It also promotes glycogen deposition in the liver. When used with insulin, it stimulates the uptake of potassium by cells, especially in muscle tissue, thus lowering serum potassium levels.